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Graduate students of GHC published their aritcles

From the Annals to Global History View the Development of Trans-subjects
By Chen Guankun
(Dept. of History CNU, Beijing 100089)
Abstract: The western world always popular with writing the national history, but the school of Ranke and Annals were all trying to write the real world history. Until now, the global history view which inherited from the Annals use the trans-subjects research method and the global view to analyse the world history. The global history view lead the study of world history to a new level.
Keywords: Annals; Global history view; Trans-subjects

Published in Journal of Capital Normal University Social Science Edition.2009S1

 

Portuguese Empire and The Early Modern World Trade
By Zhao Jing

Abstract: In the course of exploitation and expanding, the Portuguese Empire understood the geographical knowledges and currents of Atlantic Ilands, Africa and Brazil, created the Atlantic trade routes. In the same time, the attempt on slave trade, forced trade and monopolistic trade influenced early modern Atlantic trade deeply.
Keywords: Portuguese Empire; Atlantic Trade; Slave Trade; Forced Trade; Monopolistic trade;

Published in Journal of Capital Normal University Social Science Edition.2009S1

 

Portuguese Empire and the Early Modern World Trade
By Zhao Jing
Abstract: In the course of overseas exploration and expansion, the Portuguese Empire extended the Old World s trade routes, creating a global trade network which connected the Old World and the New World. Moreover, its monopoly trade backed by armed forces influenced early modern world trade deeply.
Keywords: Portuguese Empire; world trade; armed forces trade; monopoly;

Published in Journal of Capital Normal University Social Science Edition.200902

Madeira Wine: A Trans-Atlantic Perspective
By Tian Qian

Abstract: Madeira wine was a fortified wine, which was made in the Madeira Islands of the Atlantic, off the western coast of Africa. The wine was considered quite mediocre and banal before the 18th century. Then, thanks to the Methuen Treaty, an agreement signed between British and Portuguese in 1703, Madeira wine was authorized to enter Great Britain and British America. Its producers and retailers constantly improved the production techniques and the quality of the wine in order to meet the European booze culture, social customs and market demands. They also completed a series of technical innovations according to the terrible climate of cross-Atlantic shipping. After many years of hard work, they finally set up a vast commercial network in the late 18th century and early 19th century, with the Madeira serving as the pivot. However, as grape blights originating from America swept across the Atlantic world in the late 19th century, the Madeira wine trade declined dreadfully. Trans-Atlantic interactions were actually the basic impetus for both the rise and decline of Madeira wine.

Published in World History.201006

World History and World Peace:An Analysis of Chen Hengzhe’s View of World History
By Xing Ke
Abstract: Chen Hengzhe was a forerunner of world history studies in China. Her monograph, History of The West,was one of the earliest textbooks in the Republic of China era. Her view of world history was based on peace. She thought cultures and cultural communications were important contents and served as the drive force of world history. She believed different countries could choose different ways to develop their politics and societies. Her view of world history gave too much priority to social elites, which was a disadvantage. But her world history studies and other ideas, especially her pursuit of world peace in narrating world history, have exerted a great impact on later developments of world history in China.
Key words: Chen Hengzhe’s View of World History?? History of The West

Published in Journal of Capital Normal UniversitySocial Science Edition.20115

The long distance trade of the Mediterranean coast in the 11th century
By He Meilan

Abstract: The trade along the Mediterranean coast in the 11th century is an essential part of the trade network between Mediterranean and Indian ocean, with an active role in the Islamic world. The political and military influences in the surroundings have a definite effect on the trade in terms of environment, commodity, merchant and business mechanism.
Key words: 11th century Mediterranean North Africa long distance trade

Published in Journal of Hebei Normal University (Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition).201104

 

Cairo and the Layout of the Islamic City from the 7th to 12th Century
By He Meilan

Abstract: Islam, along with the Arab troops, began spreading to other parts of the world ever since it was born in the Arabian Peninsula at the 7th century. The Muslims set up a number of military camps in west Asia, central Asia, North Africa and south Europe from the 7th to 12th century. These camps developed into the important cities of the Islamic world in the centuries afterwards. Taking the case of Cairo, the paper discusses a few common features of the Islamic cities. Moreover, it has made a brief exploration of the overall influences of Islam and that of a few specific factors which combined to imprint on the general layout of the Islamic cities of this period.
Key words: Cairo the Islamic city mosques palaces bazaar quarters city layout
Published in Journal of Capital Normal University Social Science Edition.201105